Professionals, Amateurs and Performance
Dave Day’s title on the relationship between amateurism and sport, Professionals, Amateurs and Performance: Sports Coaching in England, 1789 -1914, explores the thus far overlooked impact of this ethos on the professional coaches and trainers who directed and supported elite sporting performance in this period. This book explores the foundations of coaching and training practices and chronicles how traditional approaches to performance preparation evolved during the nineteenth century. Drawing on primary material to uncover the life courses of coaches and their families, the author argues that approaches to coaching replicated the traditional craft approach to skilled work. The advent of centralized, amateur-controlled governing bodies of sport created a significant shift in the coaching environment for professional coaches, meaning that individuals had to adapt to the master-servant relationship preferred by the middle classes. Cultural differences in the value accorded to coaching also contributed to a decline in the competitiveness of British athletes in the international arena. The author concludes by arguing that despite scientific advances, Edwardian coaching practices remained reliant on long-established training principles and that coaching practices in any period are inevitably an amalgamation of both tradition and innovation.
Dave Day is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Exercise and Sports Science at Manchester Metropolitan University where his work focuses on the historical development of coaching and training practices as well as the lives of those individuals who acted as coaches and trainers.